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The supermassive black hole in the center of our Milky Way is the nearest such object and relatively easy to observe and study. Not surprisingly therefore, it is the best studied supermassive black hole. Many astrophysical and even general relativistic effects can be investigated in great detail. The Galactic Black Hole: Lectures on General Relativity and Astrophysics provides a systematic introduction to the physics/astrophysics and mathematics of black holes at a level suitable for graduate students, postdocs, and researchers in physics, astrophysics, astronomy, and applied mathematics. The focus is mainly on the supermassive black hole in the center of our Milky Way but the results can be easily generalized taking it as an example.
Over the last decade the physics of black holes has been revolutionized by developments that grew out of Jacob Bekenstein’s realization that black holes have entropy. Steven Hawking raised profound issues concerning the loss of information in black hole evaporation and the consistency of quantum mechanics in a world with gravity. For two decades these questions puzzled theoretical physicists and eventually led to a revolution in the way we think about space, time, matter and information. This revolution has culminated in a remarkable principle called "The Holographic Principle", which is now a major focus of attention in gravitational research, quantum field theory and elementary particle physics. Leonard Susskind, one of the co-inventors of the Holographic Principle as well as one of the founders of String theory, develops and explains these concepts.
Since 2004 the "Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology" has established itself as the definitive reference in the nanoscience and nanotechnology area. It integrates the knowledge from nanofabrication, nanodevices, nanomechanics, Nanotribology, materials science, and reliability engineering in just one volume. Beside the presentation of nanostructures, micro/nanofabrication, and micro/nanodevices, special emphasis is on scanning probe microscopy, nanotribology and nanomechanics, molecularly thick films, industrial applications and microdevice reliability, and on social aspects. In its 2nd edition, the book grew from 6 to 8 parts and from 38 to 58 chapters. More information is added to such fields as bionanotechnology, nanorobotics, and MEMS/NEMS reliability. The book is organized by an experienced editor with a universal knowledge and written by an international team of over 150 distinguished experts. It addresses mechanical and electrical engineers, materials scientists, physicists and chemists who work either in the nano area or in a field that is or will be influenced by this new key technology. 'The strong point is its focus on many of the practical aspects of nanotechnology ...Anyone working in or learning about the field of nanotechnology would find this and excellent working handbook' - "IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine".
Providing the first self-contained introduction to the physical concepts, techniques and applications of nanotechnology, this is of interest to readers grounded in college chemistry and physics. As such, it is suitable for students and professionals of engineering, science, and materials science and to research workers of varied backgrounds in the interdisciplinary areas that make up nanotechnology. The author covers the spectrum from the latest examples of nanoscale systems, quantum concepts and effects, self-assembled nanosystems, manufacturing, scanning probe methods of observation and fabrication, to single-electron and molecular electronics.
"…recommended for research scientists." (IEEE Circuits and Devices, July/August 2005)
"...a very nice reference text...gives a solid overview of the topics and techniques…" (MRS Bulletin, May 2005)
"...a unique text for exploration of nanotechnology basics..." (IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Medicine, March/April 2005)
"The two authors working together have maintained a consistent perspective and level throughout the book." (Physics Today, September 2004)
"…well written and nicely illustrated…offers a large amount of useful information to those who want to be introduced to the nanotechnologies…" (Clinical Chemistry, Vol. 50, No. 2, May 2004)
"The book has achieved its goal of providing a summary and commentary on this subject." (JOM, February 26, 2004)
"…the authors have achieved their aims and have hit the right tone and level of treatment…should also be suitable for advanced students…who are interested in the field…" (Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2004/43)
"…a fascinating overview of nanotechnology and its applications. It offers a complete picture of the diversity of the technology′s applications." (International Journal of General Systems, December 2003)
Revised edition includes discussions of fundamental topics and newer developments such as neutron interferometer experiments, Feynman path integrals, correlation measurements, and Bell's inequality. DLC: Quantum theory.
The basic concepts of quantum mechanics are explained in this book in a concise and easy-to-read manner, leading toward applications in solid-state electronics and optics. Following a logical sequence, the book focuses on key ideas and is conceptually and mathematically self-contained.
Description What happens to light when it is trapped in a box? Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics addresses a fascinating question in physics: what happens to light, and in particular to its interaction with matter, when it is trapped inside a box? With the aid of a model-building approach, readers discover the answer to this question and come to appreciate its important applications in computing, cryptography, quantum teleportation, and opto-electronics. Instead of taking a traditional approach that requires readers to first master a series of seemingly unconnected mathematical techniques, this book engages the readers' interest and imagination by going straight to the point, introducing the mathematics along the way as needed. Appendices are provided for the additional mathematical theory.
In this text, Shigeji Fujita and Salvador Godoy guide first and second-year graduate students through the essential aspects of superconductivity. The authors open with five preparatory chapters thoroughly reviewing a number of advanced physical concepts--such as free-electron model of a metal, theory of lattice vibrations, and Bloch electrons. The remaining chapters deal with the theory of superconductivity--describing the basic properties of type I, type II compound, and high-T V c&/V; superconductors as well as treating quasi-particles using Heisenberg's equation of motion. The book includes step-by-step derivations of mathematical formulas, sample problems, and illustrations.
Jasprit Singh presents the underlying physics behind devices that drive today's technologies, utilizing carefully chosen solved examples to convey important concepts. Real-world applications are highlighted throughout the book, stressing the links between physical principles and actual devices. The volume provides engineering and physics students and professionals with complete coverage of key modern semiconductor concepts.
In this book the authors thoroughly discuss the optical properties of solids, with a focus on electron states and their response to electrodynamic fields. Their review of the propagation of electromagnetic fields and their interaction with condensed matter is followed by a discussion of the optical properties of metals, semiconductors, and superconductors. Theoretical concepts, measurement techniques and experimental results are covered in three interrelated sections. The volume is intended for use by graduate students and researchers in the fields of condensed matter physics, materials science, and optical engineering.
Researchers in many branches of science are increasingly coming into contact with Bayesian statistics or Bayesian probability theory. This book provides a clear exposition of the underlying concepts with large numbers of worked examples and problem sets. It also discusses numerical techniques for implementing the Bayesian calculations, including Markov Chain Monte-Carlo integration and linear and nonlinear least-squares analysis seen from a Bayesian perspective.
P. C. Gregory
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia
The test attempts to determine the extent of the examinees' understanding of fundamental principles of physics and their ability to apply them to problem solving. Many graduate schools require applicants to take the exam and base admission decisions in part on the results. This puts pressure on undergraduate programs to teach the topics students will need to succeed on the GRE.
The scope of the test is largely that of the first three years of a standard United States undergraduate physics curriculum, since many students who plan to continue to graduate school apply during the first half of the fourth year.
It consists of 100 five-option multiple-choice questions covering subject areas including classical mechanics, electromagnetism, wave phenomena and optics, thermal physics, relativity, atomic and nuclear physics, quantum mechanics, laboratory techniques, and mathematical methods.